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The 2009 ASHS Annual Conference

Production and Fruit Quality Attributes of Eight Exotic Banana Genotypes Grown In Oman

Sunday, July 26, 2009
Illinois/Missouri/Meramec (Millennium Hotel St. Louis)
Rashid Al-Yahyai, PhD, Crop Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Al-Khod 123, Oman
Abdullah Al-Hosni, M.Sc., Plant Production Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture, Directorate General of Agriculture and Livestock Research, Seeb 121, Oman
Banana is an important fruit crop commonly cultivated in Oman, a semi-arid country in the Arabian Peninsula. Due to emergence of banana diseases in neighboring production regions, several exotic banana genotypes have been introduced to Oman for evaluation. In this study, seven cultivars that included 'SH 3436-9', 'FHIA-21', 'FHIA-03', 'FHIA-18', 'SH 3640', 'FHIA-25', and 'FHIA-23' were evaluated and compared with the locally grown 'Williams' cultivar for yield and fruit quality characteristics. Results from this study showed that 'FHIA-25' had the greatest bunch weight, number of hands and number of fingers followed by 'FHIA-18'. The introduced genotypes showed great variations in the measured postharvest characteristics. The results indicated that 'FHIA-18' and 'FHIA-03' showed excellent bunch and finger characteristics but highly susceptible to finger drop. In contrast, 'SH 3640' had an average bunch and fingers characteristics but had the highest TSS:acid ratio. Among all studied cultivars, 'SH 3436-9' was similar to 'Williams' variety in bunch weight, overall yield and fruit characteristics. Based on yield and postharvest quality attributes, the cultivation of 'FHIA-18', 'FHIA-03', and 'FHIA-21' banana cultivars is recommended under the growing conditions of Oman.